Water's Links to Energy and Greenhouse Gases - Briefing Paper

Increasingly, utility managers are recognizing the links between water, energy, and greenhouse gas emissions. Significant amounts of energy are embodied in water, from its withdrawal and treatment to its conveyance, use, and disposal. Conversely, energy production and use frequently requires water, such as the water needed in energy plants or for cooling of industrial processes. By recognizing this energy-water relationship, utility managers can not only be critical facilitators of energy conservation, but also of energy conservation and subsequent greenhouse gas reduction efforts.

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